## Saturday, September 14, 2013

### Directions

The following problem has a question and two statements which are labeled (1) and (2) in which certain data are given. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question. Using the data given in the problem plus your knowledge on mathematics and every day facts, choose:

(1)    If you can get the answer from (1) ALONE but not from (2) alone
(2)    If you can get the answer from (2) ALONE but not from (1) alone
(3)    If you can get the answer from BOTH (1) and (2) TOGETHER, but not from (1) alone or (2) alone
(4)    If EITHER statement (1) ALONE or statement (2) ALONE suffices
(5)    If you CANNOT get the answer from statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER, but need even more data

Question
A jar is filled with 60 marbles. All the marbles in the jar are either red or green. What is the smallest number of marbles that must be drawn from the jar in order to be certain that a red marble is drawn?
(1)    The  ratio of red marbles to green marbles is 2 : 1
(2)    There are 20 green marbles in the jar

Correct Answer – Choice 4. Each statement is independently sufficient.

Information given in the question stem
1.    Total of 60 marbles.
2.    Only red and green marbles.

Statement 1:  Ratio of red to green marbles is 2 : 1.
There are 40 red marbles and 20 green marbles. The smallest number of marbles that must be drawn from the jar to be certain that a red marble is drawn is when you can be certain that if the all the marbles that you have drawn to that point are green and that there are no more green marbles.

i.e., the 21st marble will certainly be a red marble. Statement 1 provides us the required data.
Statement 1 is SUFFICIENT.

Statement 2
: There are 20 green marbles in the jar.
Statement 2 directly gives the number of green marbles. As explained in statement 1 this information is sufficient to answer the least number of marbles required to be certain that a red marble is drawn.

Statement 2 is also SUFFICIENT.

Choice (4) is the correct answer.

### Directions

The following problem has a question and two statements which are labeled (1) and (2) in which certain data are given. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient for answering the question. Using the data given in the problem plus your knowledge on mathematics and every day facts, choose:

(1)    If you can get the answer from (1) ALONE but not from (2) alone
(2)    If you can get the answer from (2) ALONE but not from (1) alone
(3)    If you can get the answer from BOTH (1) and (2) TOGETHER, but not from (1) alone or (2) alone
(4)    If EITHER statement (1) ALONE or statement (2) ALONE suffices
(5)    If you CANNOT get the answer from statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER, but need even more data

Question

Plane X files at r miles per hour from A to B. Plane Y files at S miles per hour from B to A. Both planes take off at the same time. Which plane files at a faster rate? Town C is between A and B.
(1)    C is closer to A than it is to B
(2)    Plane X flies over C before plane Y

Correct Answer – Choice 5. Data is INSUFFICIENT

Information given in the question stem
1.    Plane X and Plane Y take off at the same time.
2.    Town C is between A and B.

Statement 1: C is closer to A than it is to B

This statement is not helpful in determining which of the two planes is faster unless we know that the two planes met at C. That is not stated in the statement or the question stem.

Statement 1 is INSUFFICIENT.

Statement 2: Plane X flies over C before Plane Y

This statement alone is not sufficient to determine which of the planes is faster unless we know where C is located.

Statement 2 is INSUFFICIENT.

Combining the two statements, we know that C closer to A. X flies over C before Y.

Because C is closer to A, even if X is as fast as Y or even if it is slower than Y, X could have flown over C earlier than Y.

On the contrary if the statement had mentioned that Y flew over C before X and C is closer to A than to B, we could have inferred that Y was faster than X.

Even after using the two statements we cannot infer which plane is faster.

Choice 5 is the correct answer.

## Wednesday, February 20, 2013

### TANCET 2012 Quant - Qn 43

This question tests your ability to express one variable in terms of the other. Level of difficutly easy.

If x = 2k – 2 and y = 4k^2, then what is y in terms of x?
1. x + 2
2. ((x + 2)^2)/2
3. (x + 2)^2
4.  x^2 + 4
5. (x + 4)^2

## Friday, February 8, 2013

### TANCET 2012 Quant - Percents - Q42

This question appeared in the Quant section of the TANCET 2012 Paper. An easy percents question.

Question

If S is 150 percent of T, then T is what percent of S + T?
1. 33.33%
2. 40%
3. 75%
4. 80%
5. 85%

Correct Answer: Choice 2. 40%

The easiest way to solve this question is by assuming a value of T.

Take T to be 100.

Therefore, S = 150% of T = 150% of 100 = 150.

So, S + T = 150 + 100 = 250.

We need to find out T as a percent of S + T

i.e., (100 / 250)* 100 = 40%